Because of its diverse climatic regions including deserts, glaciers, and the long coastline, as well as its dependency on seasonal rainfall and temperature variability, the changing patterns in rainfall and temperature affect India strongly and in multiple ways.
A large proportion of India's inhabitants is very poor and lives in rural areas. Thus, they are directly dependent on natural resources, including water availability and soil quality. Also, important sectors for the Indian economy are highly climate-sensitive, like agriculture, forestry and fisheries. Therefore, the effects of a changing climate are strongly felt by the Indian economy and population.
According to the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology there is still no full consensus among climate models concerning the extent of increased variability in monsoon rainfall due to climate change. However, some general conclusions about climate change are drawn.
|Population:||1.251 billion (2015)|
|GDP:||$2.183 trillion (2015 est.)|
|GDP Growth:||7.3% (2015 est.)|
|Inflation:||5.6% (2015 est.)|