Step 3:

Assessing adaptation measures

Identifying adaptation measures for reducing climate change risks


Based on the analysis of risks from climate change for your business, this module guides you in identifying, analysing and prioritising adequate adaptation measures.

Adaptation in all seven impact areas

How an individual business has to adapt to climate change depends on its unique circumstances and includes all seven risk areas as discussed above: Buildings and location Processes Logistics and stock Employees and community Government and regulations Market Finance.

  • Buildings and location
  • Processes Logistics and stock
  • Employees and community
  • Government and regulations
  • Market
  • Finance.

However, the uncertainty surrounding climate science, the limited predictability of business impacts, and the difficulty of quantifying and comparing adaptive measures to inaction incline most businesses towards a wait-and-see approach. This can be overcome by making use of appropriate tools which assist in identifying, analysing, and prioritising necessary steps for adaptation.  

Value of an integrated approach to adaptation

In addition to timing, the aspect of integration is an important variable when thinking about adaptation measures. Reactive adaptation are measures implemented after the company has already been affected by climate change, e.g. the raising of dykes surrounding the premises after they have been repeatedly flooded. Anticipatory adaptation on the other hand prepares for changes by implementing targeted measures before impacts are observed; e.g., identifying rising temperatures as a risk for the company and proactively improving the insulation of the workspaces. Integrated adaptation  is integrated when a company’s decisions are reviewed in light of the risks and opportunities of climate change impacts, and a combination of measures is implemented to adapt the company in the short-, medium and long run. A planned integration allows to effectively manage risks, make use of synergies between measures, seize benefits and use new business opportunities from adaptation. 

Flood protection measure - timing and integration
Source: adelphi

Examples of adaptation measures

To help you understand what adaptation measures can entail, we have listed several adaptation measures below. They are all anticipatory in nature, meaning that they are planned before impacts occur and deal with indirect as well as direct risks.

Source: adelphi

General considerations and types of adaptation measures